28th Parachutists Rifle Company Jan 11, 2013 - Explore War History Online's board "El Alamein", followed by 64942 people on Pinterest. Posted by 2 years ago. The attack on Malta was canceled once Hitler persuaded Mussolini to give his blessing in favor of allowing Rommel the chance to continue his advance. However, they continued to employ them when possible against their British pursuers. In spite of the overwhelming numbers, the British made little headway against them, and in the end, the Folgore was ordered to fall back because the enemy obtained a breakthrough elsewhere. 10th Parachutists Rifle Company [5][6][8], 185th Paratroopers Division position before the 2nd Battle of El Alamein. By the end of September, the Folgore found themselves locked in battle contested in the Egyptian desert’s blowing sands. We don't know about any in-box reviews for this Feldwebel, Fallschirmjäger- Brigade Ramcke. The 7th Armoured Division had been ordered to spare their tanks, so their attacks were called off after the bloody fighting during the night of October 24: 31 British tanks were destroyed or disabled during that night alone. The 185th Artillery, 186th Paratroopers and 187th Paratroopers regiments received a second Gold Medal for specific actions during the Second Battle of El Alamein.Additionally the following soldiers of the division were awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor during the Western Desert Campaign: 1. 20th Supply section The history of the 185th Division "Folgore" spans from late 1930s, when its immediate ancestors were established, to 1945, when its immediate successor was disbanded. The British could not break through as planned. On Amazon: Rommel’s Desert War: Waging World War II in North Africa, 1941-1943 (Cambridge Military Histories) Small initial gains by the attackers against isolated ‘outposts’ led them eventually straight into Italian strong points. They forced the attackers to move slowly and to stick to the bottlenecks of the cleared pathways, often under observed artillery fire. History of the Second World War; United Kingdom Military Series. 1st Battalion/21th Artillery Regiment “Po” (100/17 mod.16 – from the “Trieste” Division) The main British effort, of course, was in the northern part of the line of the "Battle of El Alamein". [3] Two years later, in 1939, two Paratroopers Military School based in Tarquinia and in Viterbo were established. Once the parachute training was … After the war the combat group became the Folgore Mechanized Division, which was disbanded on 31 October 1986. The soldiers of the Folgore were quickly establishing a reputation as a formidable opponent. El Alamein - La battaglia della Folgore - Italian Airborne division Folgore - Duration: 7:05. 19th Parachutists Rifle Company The vast material, fuel, and air advantage he held were about to be brought to bear against Rommel’s entrenched defenders. While Montgomery’s main thrust targeted the northern section of the whole Axis front, the fighting in the south would be just as intense. Inflicting approximately 400 casualties upon the British forces, the Folgore suffered less than 50 casualties while repulsing the attack. The few survivors, who managed to withdraw, were reorganized into the 285 Folgore Paratroopers Battalion and fought in Tunisia, they surrendered to the British in 1943, but without having to show a white flag and without having to raise their hands while surrendering. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Its core units are three... Jump to. Dispatched from the 186th Regiment was a 47mm ATG company to accompany two gun and two mortar platoons, who assumed positions in the center of this section. 6th Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35). Dec 8, 2016 - Gen. Enrico Frattini - "Folgore paratroopers, El Alamein, pin by Paolo Marzioli 20th Logistical section The First Battle of El Alamein A German Signals reception unit in the desert at first day of the battle of El Alamein. The 187th Regiment handled the northern sector on the far left of the Italian position, which butted up against the line held by the German Ramcke Fallschirmjager Brigade. Rommel at first agreed, but after Clifton attempted an escape during a German interrogation, Rommel changed his mind, and the General transferred to Italy for internment. The mines were of course an invaluable asset for the defense. In June 1942 the divisions name was changed to 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore and its regiments renumbered and renamed as well. As was heavier firepower in the form of attached Italian 75mm and 88mm guns. Leaded by Gen. Div. With the British Desert Air Force pounding his troops from above and his supply situation critical, Rommel called for a general retreat to prepare his defensive line for the inevitable British counter. [citation needed]. Their actions against incredible odds won the praise of the German … 24th October 1942: El Alamein – the infantry go forward … One of the paratroopers decided to make a break, and with head down, he dashed to my left front. 4 4 44. 3rd Battalion/1st “Celere” Artillery Regiment (75/27 mod.06 – from the “Brescia” Division) Montgomery was not yet done with his offensive. The 186th Regiment held the southern sector,  flanked on the right by the Italian Pavia Division. The decision to retreat condemned many Italians to capture by Montgomery’s pursuing Eighth Army. 30th Parachutists Rifle Company, 187th Parachutist Infantry Regiment, with: 5th Parachutists Rifle Company Div and French forces were once again repelled on 27 October 1942. As it became apparent to the British that the Folgore stopped resisting, they advanced forward to secure the enemy they had come to respect over these many days of hard battle. The Folgore utilized just about anything explosive they possessed, from grenades to improvised Molotov cocktails. To avoid confusion, the battalion-sized artillery units have been called “battalion,” and the composite group as “group.”. Rommel’s extensive use of mines in both number and depth at the Second Battle of Alamein earned these lethal patches of the earth the nickname of “the Devil’s Garden” by the advancing British forces. With Fausto Tozzi, Ettore Manni, Monica Clay, Aldo Bufi Landi. El Alamein, celebrated in Pisa the 77 anniversary. 3rd Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35) As the Folgore fell back from their lines, they pulled their artillery by hand through the sand. For its conduct during the Second Battle of El Alamein the divisions as whole was awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor. He wanted nothing of material value to fall into the enemy’s hands. Shortly after this engagement, a Folgore patrol captured Brigadier General G.H. It is an everlasting tribute to perhaps Italy’s finest soldiers of the Second World War. Italian Folgore Paratrooper (El Alamein 1942) greg73. Others believe that Rommel simply lost his nerve. HQ Battery Sections of this page. The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein.The First Battle of El Alamein and the Battle of Alam el Halfa had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt.. Folgore at El Alamein: By Mike Bennighof, Ph.D. The Folgore also sustained a high number of losses after the first night of fighting, particularly the 8th Battalion. HQ Company The 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore at El Alamein fought with incredible courage and tenacity. The Allies surrounded or smashed some of the forward Italian positions at the onset of their attack, but stifled as they approached the Italian defense’s main line. 4th Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35), 3rd Parachutist Artillery Battalion, with : Italian) Paratroopers Battalion: 300 troops, 4 Companies. Additional support in this sector was provided by allocated mortar and gun platoons. In the following days between 25 October and 4 November, the 50th, 7th, 44th divisions, 1st and 2nd Free French and the Royal Hellenic Brigades, supported by artillery and armour, failed to break through in the southern sector. The British suffered the loss of over 1,100 men, including hundreds forced to surrender to avoid annihilation. 4th Battalion/26th Artillery Regiment “Rubicone” (100/17 mod.16 – from the “Pavia” Division) (PL), 2nd Cavalry Division Emanuele Filiberto Testa di Ferro, 21st Infantry Division Granatieri di Sardegna, 22nd Infantry Division Cacciatori delle Alpi, 40th Infantry Division Cacciatori d'Africa, 65th Infantry Division Granatieri di Savoia, 80th Infantry Division La Spezia (Airlanding), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/185th_Paratroopers_Division_Folgore?oldid=4657006. Divisional Command and HQ Company It is still unclear if the company attached to the “Folgore” division was parachute-trained, or not (like the other non-combat divisional support units). Throughout the Battle of the Second El Alamein, a tank group from the German 21st Panzer Division, along with elements of the Ariete Armored Division, had stood by in the rear behind the Folgore to act as a reserve to counter any British breakthrough that might occur. Sergeant Major - VIII Battaglione Guastatori Paracadutisti - El Alamein. 22nd “ Guastatori” Parachutist Company Colonel Camosso ordered his surrounded soldiers to destroy their weapons before the surrender. Historians differ on the merit of this decision. 2. 7:05. More information Italian Folgore Division paratroopers dug in with a 37mm cannon at El Alamein. Accept Read More, Italian Folgore at El Alamein: Unbreakable, Rommel’s Desert War: Waging World War II in North Africa, 1941-1943 (Cambridge Military Histories), Iron Hulls Iron Hearts: Mussolini’s Elite Armoured Divisions in North Africa, The Path to Victory: The Mediterranean Theater in World War II, Pendulum of War: Three Battles at El Alamein, The Battle of Alamein: Turning Point, World War II, Italian Armor in German Service during WW2, Operation Vigorous and Operation Harpoon (1942). Their actions against incredible odds won the praise of the German allies and respect from the advancing Allies. Italian and German engineers in the area worked diligently to strengthen the existing minefield created by the British but was now in Axis hands, to provide a daunting defensive obstacle in front of their positions. During his subsequent interrogation by Rommel, General Clifton requested confinement at a German POW camp instead of an Italian one. On 1 January 1963 the Italian Army raised the Paratroopers Brigade Folgore in Pisa. 185th Transports unit The VIII Paratroopers Engineer Battalion fielded one Headquarters and three Paratroopers Engineer Companies. Upon finding General Frattini amongst the captured Folgore, he saluted and expressed the highest of praise for the Folgore’s gallantry in combat. They not only best the opposition solely by their courage, but they often out-fought them through superior military aptitude. Directed by Duilio Coletti. General Frattini replied with a simple “Thank you” for what more could be said. I also wish to tell you that, during my long life as a soldier, I’ve never met such valiant men as the Folgore’s paratroopers. Viandante, arrestati e riverisci. 2nd Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35), 2nd Parachutist Artillery Battalion, with : God of the Armies, Par. The 2nd and 9th Battalions provided the backbone of the defense with support from the 185th Artillery Regiment. They often answered the request with gunfire directed at the British or solely with shouts of “Folgore.”. [3] School personnel was drawn from the Air force, while personnel to instruct consisted of Royal Italian Army officers and sub-officers. In North Africa the division participated in the Battles of El Alamein, where the division was the protagonist of a strong resistance against the attacking Commonwealth forces, managing also to drive off some attacks conducted by tanks and heavy infantry. On the Axis side, numbers are more uncertain. The 182nd Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore" (Italian: 182ª Brigata Paracadutisti "Folgore") is the oldest and principal paratroopers brigade of the Italian National Royal Army.It was established as the Folgore Division in 1930s, and in 1970s it was downsized in order to generate the other Paratroopers Brigades and to fulfil at its best its special tasks. At El-Alamein, throughout several engagements, the paratroopers were either able to drive back the attacks or, when the enemy had been successful in completely wiping out the first line of outposts, to reform again, usually counterattacking. The advance had gained far too little ground in comparison to the number of casualties stretched out on the desert floor before the Italian positions. There was no white flag of surrender held by the Folgore. With a limited number of guns at their disposal to stop modern tanks, the Italians employed a “Cul de Sac” maneuver. A Net Inceptions project. In the early morning darkness of 2 November 1942, the next phase of Montgomery’s plan, Operation Supercharge, began. [5][6], Gold Medal for Military Honor given to the "Folgore" Division [1]. Also check if the product actually matches! Close. The division was intended to be used in Operation Hercules - the planned Axis invasion of Malta. Because of the canceled invasion, the Folgore dispatched to Africa to assist the Axis cause. The British attack began with an artillery barrage, followed by an all out assault by the 7th Armoured and 44th Infantry divisions. HQ Battery These soldiers made their way back into Tunisia. This book explores their changing role in organisation, training and doctrine as the paratroopers developed into … Marco Potenziani 130,012 views. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. But they held the line. Alternative SKUs for Nato in Miniatures SOGA3610: . The Folgore was a tightly knit and highly skilled unit, and they possessed perhaps the greatest ‘esprit de corps’ of any Italian division during the war. During World War II in the years 1941-1942, there was established in Tarquinia, Italy an elite military paratrooper school known as the Folgore division, who later became notorious for the heroic valor in the battle of El Alamein. When Rommel regained the upper hand in the Desert War early in 42, accomplished at a high cost in both material and fuel, he pushed for Hitler to ‘postpone’ Operation C3 to concentrate all available Mediterranean resources for a renewed push into Egypt. The discipline and proficiency of the Italian anti-tank gun teams were continually called upon to stem many Allied armored advances, often from a precariously close distance. 17th Parachutists Rifle Company By 6 November, only a handful of the original 5,000 Folgore remained. He hoped this philosophy would inflict severe damage to the advancing Axis forces while sparing his armor from the expected pounding in tank versus tank combat – an arena in which the Germans held the advantage. welcome the ghosts of these boys in that corner of heaven Here the minefields were extensive, thick, and treacherous; furthermore, the mines were in multiple fields. The attackers sustained heavy losses to their exposed armor as Montgomery expertly parried Rommel’s overly aggressive nature. The “Guastatori” were troops trained in assault tactics against enemy trench-works and fortifications. The second Battle of El Alamein: 7th Armoured Division, 44th Infantry Division, 50th Infantry Division and Free French Brigade attack Folgore from three directions: 10:30pm October 25, 1942, until 3am October 26, 1942. Division Member. On 7 November, the commander of the British 44th Infantry Division, General Hughes, made an effort to meet with the Folgore’s commander, General Frattini. 20th Mortars Company (81mm mod.35) Upon making contact with the Italians, the British were impressed with what they saw. The British 132nd Infantry Brigade/44th Inf. FOLGORE: ITALIAN PARATROOPERS AT EL-ALAMEIN. The 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore at El Alamein fought with incredible courage and tenacity. This time they were opposed by the British 131st Infantry Brigade, which boasted heavy artillery and a contingent of tanks supplied by the Scots Greys, attached to them to provide support against the Folgore. they did show to the Italians, in the good and bad luck, The Italians’ brilliant use of the Artillery Group, whose tactics and operational procedures are seen by some as superior to their German allies in the North African theater, was crucial to their success. Each Paratroopers Artillery Group fielded one Headquarters and two Paratroopers Artillery Batteries armed with 47/32 M35 cannons. The Axis initiative in the North African campaign was lost, as was any chance they had to achieve ultimate victory in the desert. In the course of the Second Battle of El Alamein the division was almost completely destroyed. Months before finding themselves locked into one of the greatest battles of the war, the Folgore Division were to participate in the planned assault on the island fortress of Malta. son qui di presidio per l’eternità i ragazzi della Folgore 11th Parachutists Rifle Company British armored car squadrons continued to attack the retreating soldiers, whose exhaustion from lack of food, water, and the strain of battle increased by the hour. 07/03/2014 - The ceremony for the donation of the plaque by the commander of the mobile division of the Rome Carabinieri Division General Vincenzo Coppola took place today in Villa Ruspoli, headquarters of the Folgore Parachute Brigade Command. 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